Proper lighting in the bathrooms is most essential as in the case of other rooms in the home. The right type of bathroom lighting fixtures ensures that one can easily locate all the toiletries placed in the bathroom as well as have proper lighting for relaxing and reading books and magazines and also will aid a long way in shaving properly without any cuts or scars on the face.
By using light fixtures with dimmer control, you will alter the intensity of the light to get exactly the required relaxing feel. Dimmers are also energy-savers and your lights will last longer. Just keep in mind that you would need incandescent dimmers for incandescent and halogen lights and agreeable dimmers for any other kinds of lights.
Now consider your bathroom space. You can try drawing the layout on a piece of paper. Indicate the natural light sources, such as your window and start putting ideas on the paper. Consider the various kinds of lamps available today, and where you can put them in the room. Have a main source installed. You can use this at night when natural daylight is absent. Next would be your secondary source, for your accent lighting. These are the bulbs that you can also use during the day to tie the lighting of the room together.
There is no rule such that the bathroom lighting should be provided only in the ceiling or is better if it is provided at the sides or on top of the mirror. One has to fix the bathroom lightings according to one's taste and the mood that he or she wants to bring into the room. Even for a small bathroom, people, these days, go for two or more lighting fixtures. Thus, lighting is the most important factor to be considered in any modern bathrooms.