Accent lighting: Accent lighting, as the name suggests, draws attention to a certain area or feature of the bathroom. You can use it to good effect to highlight things like an ornate mirror or an artwork or a decorative wash-basin or beautiful tiling.
All the bathrooms, be it small, medium or larger ones, requires general lighting, which provides illumination to the entire room without any shadows and provides proper lighting to the floor of the bathroom. This type of lighting is often derived from the recessed ceiling bathroom fixtures that not only provide the light but also creates lesser glares when compared to the wall hanging fixtures. Natural light that is let through the windows which are made of frosted glass or glass blocks will also provide ambient lighting to the bathroom as well as privacy.
Spot lighting such as that offered from recessed ceiling lights, usually LED or halogen, can look incredibly stylish, and helps focus more light where you need it. But for lighting near bathroom mirrors a soft, diffused effect can work extremely well, giving you a more even light.
Task lighting: Task lighting should allow you to groom yourself efficiently, not create shadows and special effects, although no doubt it's fine if you can easlily incorporate those suitably in your lights arrangements. For task lighting around the mirror, place the light fittings on each side of it. The lighting should illuminate the person before the mirror rather than focus on the mirror. Generally speaking, the lights should illuminate your face fully and minimize shadows under your eyes and chin. It's also possible to wish to install lighting inside the bathroom cabinets so it is easier to consider things placed inside. Also install lighting fixtures over the bath area and toilet.