Ambient lighting: This sort of lighting covers the general bathroom space. You could have a centrally fitted light - a chandelier, for example, if you want to opt for a special and creative effect - or several bright lights fitted all along the walls. If you are planning on installing recessed lights, be sure you install several recessed light fixtures or use recessed lights in combination with other styles of lights. Just a few recessed lights will not do the trick. Be sure you use glass lens over the recessed lights; plastic turns yellow with time.
Accent lighting: Accent lighting, as the name suggests, draws attention to a certain area or feature of the bathroom. You can use it to good effect to highlight things like an ornate mirror or an artwork or a decorative wash-basin or beautiful tiling.
There is no rule such that the bathroom lighting should be provided only in the ceiling or is better if it is provided at the sides or on top of the mirror. One has to fix the bathroom lightings according to one's taste and the mood that he or she wants to bring into the room. Even for a small bathroom, people, these days, go for two or more lighting fixtures. Thus, lighting is the most important factor to be considered in any modern bathrooms.
Bathroom lighting can be added to the wall or ceiling, however, wherever the lighting comes from, it must be watertight so the steam from the bathroom would not affect it. If you want to bring a note of originality to your bathroom and to win some space, you can opt for ceilings with incorporated lights, like spotlights. Before thinking about the appearance and aesthetics of the lighting in your bathroom, you must first take into account how to protect users against electric shocks.