Proper lighting in the bathrooms is most essential as in the case of other rooms in the home. The right type of bathroom lighting fixtures ensures that one can easily locate all the toiletries placed in the bathroom as well as have proper lighting for relaxing and reading books and magazines and also will aid a long way in shaving properly without any cuts or scars on the face.
Task lighting: Task lighting should allow you to groom yourself efficiently, not create shadows and special effects, although no doubt it's fine if you can easlily incorporate those suitably in your lights arrangements. For task lighting around the mirror, place the light fittings on each side of it. The lighting should illuminate the person before the mirror rather than focus on the mirror. Generally speaking, the lights should illuminate your face fully and minimize shadows under your eyes and chin. It's also possible to wish to install lighting inside the bathroom cabinets so it is easier to consider things placed inside. Also install lighting fixtures over the bath area and toilet.
There is no rule such that the bathroom lighting should be provided only in the ceiling or is better if it is provided at the sides or on top of the mirror. One has to fix the bathroom lightings according to one's taste and the mood that he or she wants to bring into the room. Even for a small bathroom, people, these days, go for two or more lighting fixtures. Thus, lighting is the most important factor to be considered in any modern bathrooms.
It is wise to use flush-mounted ceiling fixtures, owing to the fact that these come with bulbs that are enclosed by a kind of cover. The cover is essential as it acts somewhat like a lamp shade and helps in diffusing the light as well as protecting hot bulbs from breaking and cracking from contact with water vapor. The best would be to have the right balance of ambient bathroom lighting and task bathroom lighting. This will give your bathroom proper illumination and make your bathroom experience worthwhile.